Product Description

Rock drilling tools manufacturer Prodrill produces shank adapters for most models of current prevailing rock drill machines. All Prodrill shank adapters are carburized, CNC manufactured, and made from premium steel. Thus ensure them with superior toughness and anti-fatigue strength to meet the most demanding drilling conditions. Moreover, all shanks could be produced with ether male or female threads as per customer’s requirement.

  • Code No.: HL1000-T51-840
  • Thread Type: T51
  • Length: 840mm
  • Weight: 15Kg
  • Rock Drill Type: HL1000
  • Rock Drill Manufacturer: Sandvik/Tamrock

HL1000 PE 52-T51-L840 Shank Adapter:

Male shank adapters are generally better suited for drifting, tunneling and extension applications where high bending stresses are present. While female shank adapters are used when the drilling space is limited and the total feed length is important, for example underground roof bolting.

The task of the shank adapter is to transmit rotation torque, feed force, impact energy and flushing medium to the drill string (extension drill rods, drifting drill steels).

Prodrill shank adapters are there fore designed to with stand the high impact power of modern rock drills and made from specially selected material which also is hardened through cauterizing. Around 300 different shank adapters suitable for different rock drills are currently available from CZPT series drifters, Sandvik, Tam rock series drifters, Garden Diver series drifters etc.

Two flushing options of shank adapters: internal or external
– Internal flushing uses a water tube that fits through the center of the drill and into an o-ring seal in the end of the shank, to transfer flushing into the drill string
– External flushing, holes or a slot are required in the side of the shank adapter.These line up between seals inside the front head or water box of the rock drill, when the shank is installed. Flushing medium is supplied directly to this device and is introduced into the drill string through the shank
– External flushing is considered superior to internal flushing, as greater volumes of flushing agent can be delivered with less risk of leakage and hammer damage from water
The shanks for hydraulic drills and some pneumatic drills have external or front head flushing. Hydraulic shanks generally have at least 5 to 14-spline configuration,  Pneumatic shanks tend to have internal or through flushing and can generally be identified by their lugs or 4-spline configuration.

T51-840 Shank Adapter for Sandvik/Tamrock Rock Drill HL1000 packaging:

 

Shank adaptor or shank adapter, the task of the shank adapter is to transmit rotation torque, feed force, impact energy and flushing medium to the drill string.
The shank adapters from Pro-drill are there fore designed to with stand the high impact power of modern rock drills and made from specially selected material which also is hardened through cauterizing. Around 300 different shank adapters suitable for different rock drills are currently available from CZPT series drifters, Tamrock series drifters, Garden Dever series drifters etc.
Male shank adapters are ideal for drifting, tunneling & extension application where high bending stresses are present, Female shank adapters are used when the drilling space is limited and the total feed length is important.

Main Products:
1-12 inch middle-low/high air pressure DTH hammers & bits
Big hole high air pressure DTH hammer using in water well, oil, gas and construction drilling
Eccentric overburden drilling Equipment
Hole opener bit
Rock thread bit (R22, R25, R28, R32, R35, R38, T38, T45, T51, ST58, GT60)
Extension Rod, M/F Rod, M/m Rod, Drift Rod,
Shank adapter, coupling sleeves and all kinds of adapters

Advantages:
Compared with the oversea brands, our advantages are bellowing:
A. Our products can match over 95% against the original products
B. Price are competitive against the famous brands and best quality against the small factory

About Us:
1. Our factory has been specialized in manufacturing drilling tools and spare parts for over 15 years.
2. We have advanced technology and equipment.
3. Our technician has more than 15 year’s professional working experience.
4. Rock drilling tools are exported throughout the world. Main market: Norway, Turkey, USA, Canada, Australia, Brazil, Uruguay, Philippines, Thailand, India, etc.

Product Name: shank adaptor
Description: shank adaptor
Shank adaptor is used for transmitting power between drill machine and drill stems.
MOQ: No MOQ required for testing and trial order
Thread: R32,R38,T38,T45,T51
Length: 300mm-800mm
our shank adaptors are available for :
 
 
 
(COP1238,COP1838,COP1032 etc)
(HD715,HD612,HD609,PD200 etc)
(VL140,VL671,YH80A etc)
(HLX5,HL600,HL500,HL300,HL700,HL850,HL1000,HL1500 etc)

How to Calculate Stiffness, Centering Force, Wear and Fatigue Failure of Spline Couplings

There are various types of spline couplings. These couplings have several important properties. These properties are: Stiffness, Involute splines, Misalignment, Wear and fatigue failure. To understand how these characteristics relate to spline couplings, read this article. It will give you the necessary knowledge to determine which type of coupling best suits your needs. Keeping in mind that spline couplings are usually spherical in shape, they are made of steel.
splineshaft

Involute splines

An effective side interference condition minimizes gear misalignment. When 2 splines are coupled with no spline misalignment, the maximum tensile root stress shifts to the left by 5 mm. A linear lead variation, which results from multiple connections along the length of the spline contact, increases the effective clearance or interference by a given percentage. This type of misalignment is undesirable for coupling high-speed equipment.
Involute splines are often used in gearboxes. These splines transmit high torque, and are better able to distribute load among multiple teeth throughout the coupling circumference. The involute profile and lead errors are related to the spacing between spline teeth and keyways. For coupling applications, industry practices use splines with 25 to 50-percent of spline teeth engaged. This load distribution is more uniform than that of conventional single-key couplings.
To determine the optimal tooth engagement for an involved spline coupling, Xiangzhen Xue and colleagues used a computer model to simulate the stress applied to the splines. The results from this study showed that a “permissible” Ruiz parameter should be used in coupling. By predicting the amount of wear and tear on a crowned spline, the researchers could accurately predict how much damage the components will sustain during the coupling process.
There are several ways to determine the optimal pressure angle for an involute spline. Involute splines are commonly measured using a pressure angle of 30 degrees. Similar to gears, involute splines are typically tested through a measurement over pins. This involves inserting specific-sized wires between gear teeth and measuring the distance between them. This method can tell whether the gear has a proper tooth profile.
The spline system shown in Figure 1 illustrates a vibration model. This simulation allows the user to understand how involute splines are used in coupling. The vibration model shows 4 concentrated mass blocks that represent the prime mover, the internal spline, and the load. It is important to note that the meshing deformation function represents the forces acting on these 3 components.
splineshaft

Stiffness of coupling

The calculation of stiffness of a spline coupling involves the measurement of its tooth engagement. In the following, we analyze the stiffness of a spline coupling with various types of teeth using 2 different methods. Direct inversion and blockwise inversion both reduce CPU time for stiffness calculation. However, they require evaluation submatrices. Here, we discuss the differences between these 2 methods.
The analytical model for spline couplings is derived in the second section. In the third section, the calculation process is explained in detail. We then validate this model against the FE method. Finally, we discuss the influence of stiffness nonlinearity on the rotor dynamics. Finally, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each method. We present a simple yet effective method for estimating the lateral stiffness of spline couplings.
The numerical calculation of the spline coupling is based on the semi-analytical spline load distribution model. This method involves refined contact grids and updating the compliance matrix at each iteration. Hence, it consumes significant computational time. Further, it is difficult to apply this method to the dynamic analysis of a rotor. This method has its own limitations and should be used only when the spline coupling is fully investigated.
The meshing force is the force generated by a misaligned spline coupling. It is related to the spline thickness and the transmitting torque of the rotor. The meshing force is also related to the dynamic vibration displacement. The result obtained from the meshing force analysis is given in Figures 7, 8, and 9.
The analysis presented in this paper aims to investigate the stiffness of spline couplings with a misaligned spline. Although the results of previous studies were accurate, some issues remained. For example, the misalignment of the spline may cause contact damages. The aim of this article is to investigate the problems associated with misaligned spline couplings and propose an analytical approach for estimating the contact pressure in a spline connection. We also compare our results to those obtained by pure numerical approaches.

Misalignment

To determine the centering force, the effective pressure angle must be known. Using the effective pressure angle, the centering force is calculated based on the maximum axial and radial loads and updated Dudley misalignment factors. The centering force is the maximum axial force that can be transmitted by friction. Several published misalignment factors are also included in the calculation. A new method is presented in this paper that considers the cam effect in the normal force.
In this new method, the stiffness along the spline joint can be integrated to obtain a global stiffness that is applicable to torsional vibration analysis. The stiffness of bearings can also be calculated at given levels of misalignment, allowing for accurate estimation of bearing dimensions. It is advisable to check the stiffness of bearings at all times to ensure that they are properly sized and aligned.
A misalignment in a spline coupling can result in wear or even failure. This is caused by an incorrectly aligned pitch profile. This problem is often overlooked, as the teeth are in contact throughout the involute profile. This causes the load to not be evenly distributed along the contact line. Consequently, it is important to consider the effect of misalignment on the contact force on the teeth of the spline coupling.
The centre of the male spline in Figure 2 is superposed on the female spline. The alignment meshing distances are also identical. Hence, the meshing force curves will change according to the dynamic vibration displacement. It is necessary to know the parameters of a spline coupling before implementing it. In this paper, the model for misalignment is presented for spline couplings and the related parameters.
Using a self-made spline coupling test rig, the effects of misalignment on a spline coupling are studied. In contrast to the typical spline coupling, misalignment in a spline coupling causes fretting wear at a specific position on the tooth surface. This is a leading cause of failure in these types of couplings.
splineshaft

Wear and fatigue failure

The failure of a spline coupling due to wear and fatigue is determined by the first occurrence of tooth wear and shaft misalignment. Standard design methods do not account for wear damage and assess the fatigue life with big approximations. Experimental investigations have been conducted to assess wear and fatigue damage in spline couplings. The tests were conducted on a dedicated test rig and special device connected to a standard fatigue machine. The working parameters such as torque, misalignment angle, and axial distance have been varied in order to measure fatigue damage. Over dimensioning has also been assessed.
During fatigue and wear, mechanical sliding takes place between the external and internal splines and results in catastrophic failure. The lack of literature on the wear and fatigue of spline couplings in aero-engines may be due to the lack of data on the coupling’s application. Wear and fatigue failure in splines depends on a number of factors, including the material pair, geometry, and lubrication conditions.
The analysis of spline couplings shows that over-dimensioning is common and leads to different damages in the system. Some of the major damages are wear, fretting, corrosion, and teeth fatigue. Noise problems have also been observed in industrial settings. However, it is difficult to evaluate the contact behavior of spline couplings, and numerical simulations are often hampered by the use of specific codes and the boundary element method.
The failure of a spline gear coupling was caused by fatigue, and the fracture initiated at the bottom corner radius of the keyway. The keyway and splines had been overloaded beyond their yield strength, and significant yielding was observed in the spline gear teeth. A fracture ring of non-standard alloy steel exhibited a sharp corner radius, which was a significant stress raiser.
Several components were studied to determine their life span. These components include the spline shaft, the sealing bolt, and the graphite ring. Each of these components has its own set of design parameters. However, there are similarities in the distributions of these components. Wear and fatigue failure of spline couplings can be attributed to a combination of the 3 factors. A failure mode is often defined as a non-linear distribution of stresses and strains.

China Hot selling Hl1000 PE 52-T51-L840 Shank Adapter     with Best SalesChina Hot selling Hl1000 PE 52-T51-L840 Shank Adapter     with Best Sales