Product Description

SWC Series-Medium-Duty Designs Cardan shaft

Designs

Data and Sizes of SWC Series Universal Joint Couplings

Type Design
Data
Item
SWC160 SWC180 SWC200 SWC225 SWC250 SWC265 SWC285 SWC315 SWC350 SWC390 SWC440 SWC490 SWC550 SWC620
A L 740 800 900 1000 1060 1120 1270 1390 1520 1530 1690 1850 2060 2280
LV 100 100 120 140 140 140 140 140 150 170 190 190 240 250
M(kg) 65 83 115 152 219 260 311 432 610 804 1122 1468 2154 2830
B L 480 530 590 640 730 790 840 930 100 1571 1130 1340 1400 1520
M(kg) 44 60 85 110 160 180 226 320 440 590 820 1090 1560 2100
C L 380 420 480 500 560 600 640 720 782 860 1040 1080 1220 1360
M(kg) 35 48 66 90 130 160 189 270 355 510 780 970 1330 1865
D L 520 580 620 690 760 810 860 970 1030 1120 1230 1360 1550 1720
M(kg) 48 65 90 120 173 220 250 355 485 665 920 1240 1765 2390
E L 800 850 940 1050 1120 1180 1320 1440 1550 1710 1880 2050 2310 2540
LV 100 100 120 140 140 140 140 140 150 170 190 190 240 250
M(kg) 70 92 126 165 238 280 340 472 660 886 1230 1625 2368 3135
  Tn(kN·m) 16 22.4 31.5 40 63 80 90 125 180 250 355 500 710 1000
  TF(kN·m) 8 11.2 16 20 31.5 40 45 63 90 125 180 250 355 500
  Β(°) 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
  D 160 180 200 225 250 265 285 315 350 390 440 490 550 620
  Df 160 180 200 225 250 265 285 315 350 3690 440 490 550 620
  D1 137 155 170 196 218 233 245 280 310 345 390 435 492 555
  D2(H9) 100 105 120 135 150 160 170 185 210 235 255 275 320 380
  D3 108 114 140 159 168 180 194 219 245 273 299 325 402 426
  Lm 95 105 110 125 140 150 160 180 195 215 260 270 305 340
  K 16 17 18 20 25 25 27 32 35 40 42 47 50 55
  T 4 5 5 5 6 6 7 8 8 8 10 12 12 12
  N 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 10 10 10 16 16 16 16
  D 15 17 17 17 19 19 21 23 23 25 28 31 31 38
  B 20 24 32 32 40 40 40 40 50 70 80 90 100 100
  G 6.0 7.0 9.0 9.0 12.5 12.5 12.5 15.0 16.0 18.0 20.0 22.5 22.5 25
  MI(Kg) 2.57 3 3.85 3.85 5.17 6 6.75 8.25 10.6 13 18.50 23.75 29.12 38.08
  Size M14 M16 M16 M16 M18 M18 M20 M22 M22 M24 M27 M30 M30 M36
  Tightening torque(Nm) 180 270 270 270 372 372 526 710 710 906 1340 1820 1820 3170

1. Notations: 
L=Standard length, or compressed length for designs with length compensation; 
LV=Length compensation; 
M=Weight; 
Tn=Nominal torque(Yield torque 50% over Tn); 
TF=Fatigue torque, I. E. Permissible torque as determined according to the fatigue strength
Under reversing loads; 
β=Maximum deflection angle; 
MI=weight per 100mm tube
2. Millimeters are used as measurement units except where noted; 
3. Please consult us for customizations regarding length, length compensation and
Flange connections. 
(DIN or SAT etc. )

Applications of Spline Couplings

A spline coupling is a highly effective means of connecting 2 or more components. These types of couplings are very efficient, as they combine linear motion with rotation, and their efficiency makes them a desirable choice in numerous applications. Read on to learn more about the main characteristics and applications of spline couplings. You will also be able to determine the predicted operation and wear. You can easily design your own couplings by following the steps outlined below.
splineshaft

Optimal design

The spline coupling plays an important role in transmitting torque. It consists of a hub and a shaft with splines that are in surface contact without relative motion. Because they are connected, their angular velocity is the same. The splines can be designed with any profile that minimizes friction. Because they are in contact with each other, the load is not evenly distributed, concentrating on a small area, which can deform the hub surface.
Optimal spline coupling design takes into account several factors, including weight, material characteristics, and performance requirements. In the aeronautics industry, weight is an important design factor. S.A.E. and ANSI tables do not account for weight when calculating the performance requirements of spline couplings. Another critical factor is space. Spline couplings may need to fit in tight spaces, or they may be subject to other configuration constraints.
Optimal design of spline couplers may be characterized by an odd number of teeth. However, this is not always the case. If the external spline’s outer diameter exceeds a certain threshold, the optimal spline coupling model may not be an optimal choice for this application. To optimize a spline coupling for a specific application, the user may need to consider the sizing method that is most appropriate for their application.
Once a design is generated, the next step is to test the resulting spline coupling. The system must check for any design constraints and validate that it can be produced using modern manufacturing techniques. The resulting spline coupling model is then exported to an optimisation tool for further analysis. The method enables a designer to easily manipulate the design of a spline coupling and reduce its weight.
The spline coupling model 20 includes the major structural features of a spline coupling. A product model software program 10 stores default values for each of the spline coupling’s specifications. The resulting spline model is then calculated in accordance with the algorithm used in the present invention. The software allows the designer to enter the spline coupling’s radii, thickness, and orientation.
splineshaft

Characteristics

An important aspect of aero-engine splines is the load distribution among the teeth. The researchers have performed experimental tests and have analyzed the effect of lubrication conditions on the coupling behavior. Then, they devised a theoretical model using a Ruiz parameter to simulate the actual working conditions of spline couplings. This model explains the wear damage caused by the spline couplings by considering the influence of friction, misalignment, and other conditions that are relevant to the splines’ performance.
In order to design a spline coupling, the user first inputs the design criteria for sizing load carrying sections, including the external spline 40 of the spline coupling model 30. Then, the user specifies torque margin performance requirement specifications, such as the yield limit, plastic buckling, and creep buckling. The software program then automatically calculates the size and configuration of the load carrying sections and the shaft. These specifications are then entered into the model software program 10 as specification values.
Various spline coupling configuration specifications are input on the GUI screen 80. The software program 10 then generates a spline coupling model by storing default values for the various specifications. The user then can manipulate the spline coupling model by modifying its various specifications. The final result will be a computer-aided design that enables designers to optimize spline couplings based on their performance and design specifications.
The spline coupling model software program continually evaluates the validity of spline coupling models for a particular application. For example, if a user enters a data value signal corresponding to a parameter signal, the software compares the value of the signal entered to the corresponding value in the knowledge base. If the values are outside the specifications, a warning message is displayed. Once this comparison is completed, the spline coupling model software program outputs a report with the results.
Various spline coupling design factors include weight, material properties, and performance requirements. Weight is 1 of the most important design factors, particularly in the aeronautics field. ANSI and S.A.E. tables do not consider these factors when calculating the load characteristics of spline couplings. Other design requirements may also restrict the configuration of a spline coupling.

Applications

Spline couplings are a type of mechanical joint that connects 2 rotating shafts. Its 2 parts engage teeth that transfer load. Although splines are commonly over-dimensioned, they are still prone to fatigue and static behavior. These properties also make them prone to wear and tear. Therefore, proper design and selection are vital to minimize wear and tear on splines. There are many applications of spline couplings.
A key design is based on the size of the shaft being joined. This allows for the proper spacing of the keys. A novel method of hobbing allows for the formation of tapered bases without interference, and the root of the keys is concentric with the axis. These features enable for high production rates. Various applications of spline couplings can be found in various industries. To learn more, read on.
FE based methodology can predict the wear rate of spline couplings by including the evolution of the coefficient of friction. This method can predict fretting wear from simple round-on-flat geometry, and has been calibrated with experimental data. The predicted wear rate is reasonable compared to the experimental data. Friction evolution in spline couplings depends on the spline geometry. It is also crucial to consider the lubrication condition of the splines.
Using a spline coupling reduces backlash and ensures proper alignment of mated components. The shaft’s splined tooth form transfers rotation from the splined shaft to the internal splined member, which may be a gear or other rotary device. A spline coupling’s root strength and torque requirements determine the type of spline coupling that should be used.
The spline root is usually flat and has a crown on 1 side. The crowned spline has a symmetrical crown at the centerline of the face-width of the spline. As the spline length decreases toward the ends, the teeth are becoming thinner. The tooth diameter is measured in pitch. This means that the male spline has a flat root and a crowned spline.
splineshaft

Predictability

Spindle couplings are used in rotating machinery to connect 2 shafts. They are composed of 2 parts with teeth that engage each other and transfer load. Spline couplings are commonly over-dimensioned and are prone to static and fatigue behavior. Wear phenomena are also a common problem with splines. To address these issues, it is essential to understand the behavior and predictability of these couplings.
Dynamic behavior of spline-rotor couplings is often unclear, particularly if the system is not integrated with the rotor. For example, when a misalignment is not present, the main response frequency is 1 X-rotating speed. As the misalignment increases, the system starts to vibrate in complex ways. Furthermore, as the shaft orbits depart from the origin, the magnitudes of all the frequencies increase. Thus, research results are useful in determining proper design and troubleshooting of rotor systems.
The model of misaligned spline couplings can be obtained by analyzing the stress-compression relationships between 2 spline pairs. The meshing force model of splines is a function of the system mass, transmitting torque, and dynamic vibration displacement. This model holds when the dynamic vibration displacement is small. Besides, the CZPT stepping integration method is stable and has high efficiency.
The slip distributions are a function of the state of lubrication, coefficient of friction, and loading cycles. The predicted wear depths are well within the range of measured values. These predictions are based on the slip distributions. The methodology predicts increased wear under lightly lubricated conditions, but not under added lubrication. The lubrication condition and coefficient of friction are the key factors determining the wear behavior of splines.

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